Delirium Bibliography

Delirium Bibliography books graphicWhat is the Delirium Bibliography? The searchable Delirium Bibliography page is one of our most popular features, allowing you to quickly gain access to the literature on delirium and acute care of older persons. It is primarily intended for clinicians and researchers interested in exploring these topics. The NIDUS team keeps it updated for you on a monthly basis!

How to Search for Articles: Search by author, title, year, and/or keywords. Each article is indexed by keywords taken from MEDLINE and other relevant databases. Click on the title of the article to read the abstract, journal, etc.

Reference Information

Title
Peripheral nerve block and cognitive impairment after thoracic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Authors
Zhang, Y. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, H. Zhang, M. Li, J.
Year
2024
Journal
Minerva Anestesiol
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Postoperative cognitive impairment is common in surgical patients, including postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction. Several studies investigating the association between peripheral nerve block and the risk of cognitive impairment after thoracic surgery showed conflicting results. Therefore, we conducted the current systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the effects of peripheral nerve block on postoperative cognitive impairment in thoracic surgical patients. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Eligible randomized controlled trials were retrieved from PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Embase databases. The primary outcomes were the incidence of postoperative delirium or cognitive dysfunction and the MMSE scores. Furthermore, VAS scores, levels of TNF-α and IL-6, as well as the duration of hospitalization were analyzed as secondary outcomes. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Ten articles including 1279 participants were selected for this meta-analysis. The results showed that peripheral nerve block could lessen the incidence of postoperative delirium or cognitive dysfunction (OR=0.39, 95% CI [0.27 to 0.56]), the scores of VAS (MD=-1.35 [95% CI: -2.30 to -0.40]), the values of TNF-α (SMD=-1.13 [95% CI: -1.49 to -0.76]) and IL-6 (SMD=-1.65 [95% CI: -1.87 to -1.42]), as well as the length of hospitalization (MD=-0.70 [95% CI: -0.96 to -0.43]). In addition, peripheral nerve block was linked to a significant increase in MMSE scores (MD=2.16 [95% CI: 1.40 to 2.91]). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis revealed positive effects of peripheral nerve block on improving postoperative cognitive impairment in patients following thoracic surgery.

PMID

PMID: 38289296

Keywords

Humans
*Nerve Block
*Thoracic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology/prevention & control
Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology
Postoperative Cognitive Complications/etiology/epidemiology/prevention & control

Page(s)
Issue

Search:
Total Records Found: 6050, showing 100 per page
TitleAuthorsJournalYearKeywords
Effect of Morphine Used to Relieve Dyspnea Due to Heart Failure on Delirium Yoshikai, S. Ueda, M. Ikeda, K. J Palliat Med 2024

delirium
dyspnea
heart failure
morphine
palliative care

Association of Delirium with Long-Term Mortality in Critically Ill Patients with COPD Who Survived to Discharge: A Retrospective Cohort Study Xu, H. B. Xue, F. Ye, Y. Zhang, H. G. Lung 2024

Copd
Delirium
Mortality
Survival

Effect of obstructive sleep apnea on postoperative delirium: a system review and meta-analysis Xiao, Y. Li, P. J. Guo, M. Y. Cao, Y. Liang, Z. A. Sleep Breath 2024

Delirium
Meta-analysis
Obstructive sleep apnea
Positive airway pressure

A qualitative study of geriatric specialist nurses' experiences to navigate delirium in the elderly Wu, M. Chen, Z. Xu, Y. Zhao, L. Zhao, L. Xia, L. BMC Nurs 2024

Care
Delirium
Elderly
Nurse
Nursing
Qualitative

The influence of low-dose s-ketamine on postoperative delirium and cognitive function in older adults undergoing thoracic surgery Wang, Y. Ma, B. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Liu, A. Hang, L. J Cardiothorac Surg 2024

Humans
*Ketamine/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
Aged
Female
Male
Retrospective Studies
*Thoracic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
*Postoperative Complications/prevention & control
*Delirium/prevention & control
Cognition/drug effects
Cognitive Dysfunction/prevention & control
Aged, 80 and over
Cognitive dysfunction
Neuroprotection
Older patients
Postoperative delirium
S-ketamine
Safety Profile
Thoracic surgery

Neurological diagnostic tests for patients with and without delirium: a prospective observational study Waefler, N. Abid, I. Montaut, V. Donzé, J. Zender, H. John, G. Geroscience 2024

CT scan
Delirium
Electroencephalography
Lumbar puncture
Mri

Preoperative cognitive function as a risk factor of postoperative delirium in cancer surgeries: A systematic review and meta-analysis Varpaei, H. A. Robbins, L. B. Farhadi, K. Bender, C. M. J Surg Oncol 2024

cancer survivors
cognition
cognitive reserve
neurocognitive disorders
postoperative complications
postoperative delirium

Role of oral melatonin in prevention of postoperative delirium in patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia: A Randomized controlled trial Thakur, T. Saini, V. Grover, S. Samra, T. Indian J Psychiatry 2024

Anxiety
cognitive dysfunction
delirium
melatonin
surgery

Clinical characteristics of delirium in older patients with first-ever acute myocardial infarction who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention : A retrospective study Tan, J. F. Duan, L. Han, J. C. Cui, J. J. Herz 2024

Acute myocardial infarction
Cam-icu
Delirium
First-Ever

Antibiotics for delirium in older adults with pyuria or bacteriuria: A systematic review Stall, N. M. Kandel, C. Reppas-Rindlisbacher, C. Quinn, K. L. Wiesenfeld, L. MacFadden, D. R. Johnstone, J. Fralick, M. J Am Geriatr Soc 2024

antibiotics
bacteriuria
delirium
pyuria
urinary tract infection

Establishment and validation of the prediction model for postoperative delirium risk factors in older patients after total knee arthroplasty: A retrospective study Song, L. X. Qin, Y. Yang, L. Xing, D. B. Li, Y. Lei, F. Q. Wang, L. H. Medicine (Baltimore) 2024

Humans
*Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee/adverse effects
Male
Female
Aged
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Risk Assessment/methods
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
*Delirium/epidemiology/etiology/diagnosis
ROC Curve
Middle Aged
Nomograms
Age Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Logistic Models

Predictive value of the Naples prognostic score on postoperative delirium in the elderly with gastrointestinal tumors: a retrospective cohort study Song, C. Yu, D. Li, Y. Liu, M. Zhang, H. He, J. Li, J. BMC Geriatr 2024

Humans
Male
Female
Aged
*Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/surgery/complications
Retrospective Studies
Prognosis
*Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology
Delirium/diagnosis/etiology/epidemiology
Predictive Value of Tests
Risk Factors
Middle Aged
ROC Curve
Elderly patients
Gastrointestinal tumors
Naples prognostic score
Postoperative delirium
Predictive markers

Effect of prophylactic corticosteroids on postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction in the adult population: An updated systematic review, meta-analysis, and trial sequential analysis of randomised controlled trials Singh, N. P. Makkar, J. K. Goel, N. Karamchandani, K. Singh, M. Singh, P. M. Indian J Anaesth 2024

Corticosteroids
delayed neurocognitive recovery
delirium
dexamethasone
meta-analysis
post-operative neurocognitive dysfunction
postoperative cognitive dysfunction
systematic review
trial sequential analysis

Usefulness of the 4A's test for detecting delirium in critically ill patients: a multicenter prospective observation study Sim, J. K. Chung, K. Chung, C. R. Lee, J. Hwang, S. Y. Lee, Y. S. Intern Emerg Med 2024

Critical illness
Dsm-5
Delirium
Diagnosis
Intensive Care Units

Incidence of Postoperative Delirium among Elderly Patients after Elective Surgeries under Anesthesia in the Charity Services of the Philippine General Hospital Hermoso, R. M. L. Cruz, P. L. O. Acta Med Philipp 2024

elderly
incidence
postoperative delirium

Registered nurses' experiences of caring for patients with hypoactive delirium after cardiac surgery - A qualitative study Hallberg Kristensen, A. Nymark, C. Stenman, M. Falk, A. Intensive Crit Care Nurs 2024

Cardiac surgical procedures
Focus groups
Hypoactive delirium
Nurses
Patient care

Determinants of delirium in elderly in-patients in a general ward setting in a teaching hospital: A case control study Geetha, J. Babu, H. George, C. Ind Psychiatry J 2024

Delirium
determinants
elderly
general wards
inpatients

Incidence and risk factors of delirium following brain tumor resection: A retrospective National Inpatient Sample database study Fu, W. Li, Y. Liu, R. Li, J. World Neurosurg 2024

Brain tumor
Delirium
National Inpatient Sample
Resection
Risk factors

Prolonged hourly neurological examinations are associated with increased delirium and no discernible benefit in mild/moderate geriatric traumatic brain injury Fonseca, R. A. Canas, M. Diaz, L. Aldana, J. A. Afzal, H. De Filippis, A. Del Toro, D. Day, A. McCarthy, J. Stansfield, K. Bochicchio, G. V. Niziolek, G. Kranker, L. M. Rosengart, M. R. Hoofnagle, M. Leonard, J. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 2024

Humans
*Delirium/diagnosis/etiology/epidemiology
Male
*Brain Injuries, Traumatic/complications/diagnosis
Female
Retrospective Studies
Aged
*Neurologic Examination/methods
*Glasgow Coma Scale
*Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data
Time Factors
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Risk Factors

Nursing Intervention to Prevent and Manage Delirium in Critically Ill Patients: A Scoping Review Fernandes, F. Santos, M. Anacleto, A. M. Jerónimo, C. Ferreira, Ó Baixinho, C. L. Healthcare (Basel) 2024

adult
critical care
critically ill
delirium
intensive care unit
nursing care

Intraoperative electroencephalogram features related to frailty in older patients: an exploratory prospective observational study Fang, P. P. Zhang, H. W. Hao, X. X. Shang, Z. X. Li, J. Liu, X. S. J Clin Monit Comput 2024

Humans
Male
Prospective Studies
Aged
*Electroencephalography/methods
*Frailty/diagnosis
*Frail Elderly
Female
*Anesthesia, General
Aged, 80 and over
Risk Factors
Postoperative Complications
Monitoring, Intraoperative/methods
Propofol/administration & dosage
Brain/physiopathology
Delirium/diagnosis
Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring/methods
Electroencephalogram
Frailty
Postoperative delirium
Propofol

Managing Delirium in the Emergency Department: An Updated Narrative Review Ehrlich, A. Oh, E. S. Ahmed, S. Curr Geriatr Rep 2024

Confusion
Delirium
Emergency Room
Management

A narrative review of the development and performance characteristics of electronic delirium-screening tools Eeles, E. Tran, D. D. Boyd, J. Tronstad, O. Teodorczuk, A. Flaws, D. Fraser, J. F. Dissanayaka, N. Aust Crit Care 2024

*Delirium/diagnosis
Humans
*Mass Screening/methods
*Psychometrics
Computers
Delirium
Diagnosis
Handheld
Mobile applications
Smartphone

The Role of Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) in Urosepsis-Associated Delirium Dragoescu, A. N. Padureanu, V. Stanculescu, A. D. Chiutu, L. Padureanu, R. Andrei, M. Radu, M. A. Mitroi, G. Dragoescu, P. O. Cureus 2024

diagnostic
intensive care unit
management
neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (nlr)
prevention
sepsis
septic shock [ss]
urosepsis-associated delirium

Does Melatonin Decrease the Use of As-Needed Antipsychotics or Benzodiazepines in Noncritically Ill Hospitalized Patients? A Multicenter Retrospective Cohort Study Dobry, P. Poparad-Stezar, A. Bacon, O. Boji, S. Giuliano, C. J Integr Complement Med 2024

Humans
*Melatonin/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
Retrospective Studies
Male
Female
*Antipsychotic Agents/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
Middle Aged
Aged
*Benzodiazepines/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
*Delirium/drug therapy/epidemiology/prevention & control
Zolpidem/therapeutic use/administration & dosage
Adult
Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data
Hypnotics and Sedatives/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
Aged, 80 and over
antipsychotics
benzodiazepines
delirium
melatonin
zolpidem

Comparison of the frailty index and frailty phenotype and their associations with postoperative delirium incidence and severity Deiner, S. G. Marcantonio, E. R. Trivedi, S. Inouye, S. K. Travison, T. G. Schmitt, E. M. Hshieh, T. Fong, T. G. Ngo, L. H. Vasunilashorn, S. M. J Am Geriatr Soc 2024

Humans
Female
Male
Aged
Incidence
*Delirium/epidemiology/diagnosis
Prospective Studies
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology
*Phenotype
*Frailty/epidemiology/diagnosis
Aged, 80 and over
Frail Elderly/statistics & numerical data
Severity of Illness Index
Geriatric Assessment/methods
Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
Risk Factors
delirium
frailty index
frailty phenotype
surgery

Frailty index and risk of delirium in hospitalized patients: a two-sample Mendelian randomization study Chen, Y. Feng, F. Li, Q. Guo, H. Zhang, L. Liu, J. Front Med (Lausanne) 2024

Mendelian randomization study
delirium
frailty index
intensive care
nursing care

Enhancing hospice care with psychological support and a nomogram to predict delirium in patients with advanced solid tumors Chen, J. Huan, J. Chen, C. Xu, W. Jia, A. Am J Cancer Res 2024

Hospice care
advanced cancer
delirium
dysphoria
psychological interventions

The influence of sleep disorders on perioperative neurocognitive disorders among the elderly: A narrative review Chen, C. Zhai, R. X. Lan, X. Yang, S. F. Tang, S. J. Xiong, X. L. He, Y. X. Lin, J. F. Feng, J. R. Chen, D. X. Shi, J. Ibrain 2024

insomnia
perioperative neurocognitive disorders
postoperative cognitive dysfunction
postoperative delirium
sleep disorders

Prevalence of preoperative depression and adverse outcomes in older patients undergoing elective surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis Chen, A. An, E. Yan, E. Saripella, A. Khullar, A. Misati, G. Alhamdah, Y. Englesakis, M. Mah, L. Tartaglia, C. Chung, F. J Clin Anesth 2024

Delirium, older patients
Depression
Preoperative assessment
Surgery
Systematic review and meta-analysis

Antipsychotic medications and severe sepsis in schizophrenia: A nested case-control study Chang, C. W. Chen, W. Y. Chen, P. Y. Pan, C. H. Su, S. S. Tsai, S. Y. Chen, C. C. Kuo, C. J. Aust N Z J Psychiatry 2024

Sepsis
antipsychotics
nested case–control study
nonpsychiatric medications
physical illnesses
risk factors
schizophrenia

Selection of knowledge translation strategies to implement best practices on nonpharmacological prevention of delirium in intensive care unit Boivin, A. Bérubé, M. Rech Soins Infirm 2024

Humans
*Delirium/prevention & control/nursing
*Critical Care/methods/standards
Translational Research, Biomedical/standards/methods
Intensive Care Units/standards
Practice Guidelines as Topic/standards
delirium
intensive care unit
prevention
best practice analysis
organizational innovation

Barriers to healthcare professionals recognizing and managing delirium in older adults during a hospital stay: A mixed-methods systematic review Bianchi, L. A. Harris, R. Fitzpatrick, J. M. J Adv Nurs 2024

Humans
*Delirium/diagnosis
Aged
Health Personnel/psychology
Aged, 80 and over
Hospitalization
Female
Male
delirium
health professionals
hospital
management
nurses
older people
recognition
screening
systematic review

Burden of delirium on mortality and healthcare resource utilization in geriatric patients hospitalized for inflammatory bowel disease Aldiabat, M. Aleyadeh, W. Rana, T. Ta'ani, O. A. Alahmad, M. Ayoub, M. Jaber, F. Obeidat, A. Numan, L. Manvar, A. Alhuneafat, L. Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent) 2024

Geriatrics
inflammatory bowel disease
outcomes research

Prophylactic Minocycline for Delirium in Critically Ill Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial Dal-Pizzol, F. Coelho, A. Simon, C. S. Michels, M. Corneo, E. Jeremias, A. Damásio, D. Ritter, C. Chest 2024

Humans
*Delirium/prevention & control
*Minocycline/therapeutic use/administration & dosage
Male
Female
*Critical Illness
Middle Aged
Aged
Double-Blind Method
Intensive Care Units
Hospital Mortality
Incidence
Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use/administration & dosage
Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
Biomarkers/blood
Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data
brain dysfunction
delirium
inflammation
microglia
minocycline

Clinical Significance of the Prognostic Nutritional Index in Predicting Delirium among Critically Ill Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study Xu, F. Zhong, X. Crit Care Res Pract 2024

Delirium

Prognostic Nutrition Index

ICU

Critically ill patients

MIMIC IV

Impact of Continuous Infusion Ketamine Compared to Continuous Infusion Benzodiazepines on Delirium in the Intensive Care Unit Vollmer, N. J. Wieruszewski, E. D. Nei, A. M. Mara, K. C. Rabinstein, A. A. Brown, C. S. J Intensive Care Med 2024

benzodiazepines
delirium
ketamine
pharmacology
sedation

Preoperative ketamine administration for prevention of postoperative neurocognitive disorders after major orthopedic surgery in elderly patients: A multicenter randomized blinded placebo-controlled trial Verdonk, F. Lambert, P. Gakuba, C. Nelson, A. C. Lescot, T. Garnier, F. Constantin, J. M. Saurel, D. Lasocki, S. Rineau, E. Diemunsch, P. Dreyfuss, L. Tavernier, B. Bezu, L. Josserand, J. Mebazaa, A. Coroir, M. Nouette-Gaulain, K. Macouillard, G. Glasman, Anaesth Crit Care Pain Med 2024

Delayed neurocognitive recovery
Frailty
Ketamine
Orthopaedic Surgery
Postoperative neurocognitive disorder

Dexmedetomidine in Palliative Care: A Versatile New Weapon Against Delirium and Pain-Systematic Review Tavares, T. Almeida, J. Gonçalves, E. Abelha, F. J Palliat Med 2024

agitation
alpha-adrenergic
confusion
delirium
dexmedetomidine
pain
palliative medicine
sedation
terminal care

The Effect of Dexmedetomidine as a Local Anesthetic Adjuvant for Iliac Fascia Compartment Block on Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Patients Undergoing Elective Hip Surgery Liu, X. H. Zhang, Q. F. Zhang, X. Q. Lu, Q. W. Wu, J. H. Gao, X. H. Chen, Z. Y. Gerontology 2024

Humans
*Dexmedetomidine/administration & dosage
Male
Aged
Female
*Anesthetics, Local/administration & dosage
*Nerve Block/methods
*Ropivacaine/administration & dosage
*Elective Surgical Procedures/adverse effects/methods
Fascia
Aged, 80 and over
Emergence Delirium/prevention & control/epidemiology
Postoperative Complications/prevention & control/epidemiology
Hip/surgery
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects/methods
Analgesia
Dexmedetomidine
Fascia iliaca compartment block
Hip surgery
Postoperative delirium

Serum NPTX2 as a Potential Predictive Biomarker for Postoperative Delirium in Patients with Acute Type A Aortic Dissection Liu, W. Wang, Y. Jiang, Y. Lu, S. Zhu, J. Tian, Y. Pan, J. Xu, Z. Wang, D. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2024

Nptx2
acute type a aortic dissection
biomarker
postoperative delirium

Incidence and risk factors of postoperative delirium following hepatic resection: a retrospective national inpatient sample database study Liu, R. Liu, N. Suo, S. Yang, Q. Deng, Z. Fu, W. Wang, M. BMC Surg 2024

Humans
Male
Female
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
*Hepatectomy/adverse effects
Aged
Retrospective Studies
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
Incidence
*Delirium/epidemiology/etiology
*Databases, Factual
United States/epidemiology
Adult
Comorbidities
Complications
Hepatic resection
Postoperative delirium

Simplified Pain Management Including Fentanyl TTS in PACU Patients With Hip Fracture Surgery to Improve Patients' Well-Being: A Double-Blind Randomized Trial Labmayr, V. Rief, M. Reinbacher, P. Gebauer, D. Smigaj, J. Sandner-Kiesling, A. Papamargaritis, V. Michaeli, K. Bornemann-Cimenti, H. Schittek, G. A. J Perianesth Nurs 2024

Humans
Double-Blind Method
*Hip Fractures/surgery/complications
*Fentanyl/administration & dosage
Male
Female
Aged
*Pain Management/methods/statistics & numerical data/standards
*Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy
*Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage
Aged, 80 and over
Middle Aged
Acetaminophen/administration & dosage/therapeutic use
Postanesthesia Nursing/methods/standards
Pirinitramide/administration & dosage
Recovery Room/statistics & numerical data
Pacu
analgesia
delirium
hip fracture
pain
well-being

Preventive Effects of Ramelteon, Suvorexant, and Lemborexant on Delirium in Hospitalized Patients With Physical Disease: A Retrospective Cohort Study Henmi, R. Nakamura, T. Mashimoto, M. Takase, F. Ozone, M. J Clin Psychopharmacol 2024

Sleep-inducing drugs

Ramelton

Suvorexant

Lemborexant

Delirium

Hospitalized patients

Delirium detection in the emergency department: A diagnostic accuracy meta-analysis of history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and screening instruments Carpenter, C. R. Lee, S. Kennedy, M. Arendts, G. Schnitker, L. Eagles, D. Mooijaart, S. Fowler, S. Doering, M. LaMantia, M. A. Han, J. H. Liu, S. W. Acad Emerg Med 2024

Geriatrics

Delirium

Screening accuracy

Systematic Review

Emergency Department

Association of preoperative neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio with the risk of postoperative delirium in elderly patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis Zhou, B. Yu, D. D. Xu, X. Wang, J. Li, J. Psychogeriatrics 2024

neutrophil
neutrophil‐to‐lymphocyte ratio
postoperative delirium

Peripheral nerve block and cognitive impairment after thoracic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis Zhang, Y. Liu, M. He, J. Zhang, H. Zhang, M. Li, J. Minerva Anestesiol 2024

Humans
*Nerve Block
*Thoracic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology/prevention & control
Cognitive Dysfunction/etiology
Postoperative Cognitive Complications/etiology/epidemiology/prevention & control

Clinical characteristics of older patients with suspected or diagnosed dementia during hospitalization Yoshino, H. Takechi, H. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024

Humans
Female
Male
*Dementia/diagnosis/epidemiology
*Hospitalization
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Japan/epidemiology
Risk Factors
Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology
Body Mass Index
Geriatric Assessment/methods
Comorbidity
dementia
hospitalized patient
older

Development of an individualized model for predicting postoperative delirium in elderly patients with hepatocellular carcinoma Yan, M. Lin, Z. Zheng, H. Lai, J. Liu, Y. Lin, Z. Sci Rep 2024

Humans
*Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery
*Liver Neoplasms/surgery
Aged
Female
Male
*Postoperative Complications/etiology
*Nomograms
*Delirium/etiology/diagnosis
Risk Factors
*ROC Curve
Aged, 80 and over
Retrospective Studies
Hepatectomy/adverse effects

The relationship between intraoperative hypothermia and postoperative delirium: The PNDRFAP study Wang, J. Zhu, L. Li, C. Lin, Y. Wang, B. Lin, X. Bi, Y. Brain Behav 2024

Humans
Male
Female
Middle Aged
Aged
*Hypothermia/epidemiology
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
*Delirium/etiology/epidemiology
*Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
Anesthesia, General/adverse effects
Risk Factors
Digestive System Surgical Procedures/adverse effects
Incidence
Adult
cognitive function
intraoperative hypothermia
mediation analysis
postoperative delirium
risk factor

Interpretable machine learning model for early prediction of delirium in elderly patients following intensive care unit admission: a derivation and validation study Tang, D. Ma, C. Xu, Y. Front Med (Lausanne) 2024

Icu
delirium
elderly
explainable machine learning
prediction model

Effects of gabapentin on slow-wave sleep period in critically ill adult patients: A randomized controlled trial Susantitapong, K. Dilokpattanamongkol, P. Sutherasan, Y. Liamsombut, S. Suthisisang, C. Clin Transl Sci 2024

Humans
*Gabapentin/therapeutic use/administration & dosage
*Critical Illness
Male
Female
Middle Aged
Aged
Prospective Studies
*Sleep, Slow-Wave/drug effects
Adult
Intensive Care Units
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/metabolism/analysis
Sleep Deprivation/drug therapy/physiopathology
Treatment Outcome

Association between postoperative hyperactive delirium and major complications in elderly patients undergoing emergency hip fracture surgery: A large-scale cohort study Sun, M. Chen, W. M. Wu, S. Y. Zhang, J. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024

elderly
hip fracture
postoperative hyperactive delirium
postoperative major complications
propensity score matching

The 4AT scale for rapid detection of delirium in emergency department triage Soler-Sanchis, A. Martínez-Arnau, F. M. Sánchez-Frutos, J. Pérez-Ros, P. Front Med (Lausanne) 2024

aged
data accuracy
delirium
emergency service hospital
triage

Efficacy and safety of perioperative melatonin for postoperative delirium in patients undergoing surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis Shin, H. W. Kwak, J. S. Choi, Y. J. Kim, J. W. You, H. S. Shin, H. J. Jang, Y. K. J Int Med Res 2024

*Melatonin/therapeutic use/administration & dosage/adverse effects
Humans
*Postoperative Complications/prevention & control/drug therapy
*Delirium/prevention & control/drug therapy
Perioperative Care/methods
Indenes/therapeutic use/adverse effects/administration & dosage
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Length of Stay
Treatment Outcome
Hospital Mortality
Delirium
melatonin
meta-analysis
perioperative treatment
postoperative
ramelteon
surgery

Characterizing medical patients with delirium: A cohort study comparing ICD-10 codes and a validated chart review method Sheehan, K. A. Shin, S. Hall, E. Mak, D. Y. F. Lapointe-Shaw, L. Tang, T. Marwaha, S. Gandell, D. Rawal, S. Inouye, S. Verma, A. A. Razak, F. PLoS One 2024

Humans
*Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology
Male
Female
*International Classification of Diseases
Aged
Retrospective Studies
Middle Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Ontario/epidemiology
Hospitalization
Cohort Studies

Postoperative Delirium and Dementia in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Review of Randomized Controlled Trials Shahabi Raberi, V. Solati Kooshk Qazi, M. Zolfi Gol, A. GhorbaniNia, R. Kahourian, O. Faramarz Zadeh, R. Galen Med J 2023

Cardiac Surgery
Dementia
Postoperative Complications

The association of hemoglobin with postoperative delirium and atrial fibrillation after cardiac surgery: a retrospective sub-study Sari, S. Brooker, J. Montalvo-Campana, M. Shehata, P. Pu, X. Insler, S. Ruetzler, K. Troianos, C. A. Turan, A. Braz J Anesthesiol 2024

Humans
*Atrial Fibrillation
Aged
*Cardiac Surgical Procedures
Female
Middle Aged
Male
*Hemoglobins/analysis/metabolism
*Delirium/etiology/epidemiology
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
*Anemia
Retrospective Studies
Aged, 80 and over
Adult
Adolescent
Young Adult
Anemia
Atrial fibrillation
Cardiac surgery
Delirium
General anesthesia

A novel objective measure for terminal delirium: Activity scores measured by a sheet-type sensor Otani, H. Yokomichi, N. Imai, K. Toyota, S. Yamauchi, T. Miwa, S. Yuasa, M. Okamoto, S. Kogure, T. Inoue, S. Morita, T. J Pain Symptom Manage 2024

Agitation
Delirium
Nemuri SCAN
Palliative Care
Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale (RASS)
Terminal illness

A comparison of changes in drug burden index between older inpatients who fell and people who have not fallen: A case-control study O'Leary, C. E. T. Wilkinson, T. J. Hanger, H. C. Australas J Ageing 2024

aged
anticholinergics
sedatives

Characterizing Ertapenem Neurotoxicity: A Systematic Review and Experience at a Tertiary Medical Center Mitaka, H. Hasegawa, S. Lan, K. F. Jain, R. Rakita, R. M. Pottinger, P. S. Open Forum Infect Dis 2024

carbapenems
ertapenem
neurotoxicity
systematic review
β-lactams

Prevalence of clinical electroencephalography findings in stroke patients with delirium Mintz, N. B. Andrews, N. Pan, K. Bessette, E. Asaad, W. F. Sherif, M. Rubinos, C. Mahta, A. Girard, T. D. Reznik, M. E. Clin Neurophysiol 2024

Humans
*Delirium/epidemiology/physiopathology/diagnosis
Male
*Electroencephalography/methods
Female
Aged
*Stroke/physiopathology/complications/epidemiology
Prevalence
Middle Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Retrospective Studies
Prospective Studies
Delirium
Electroencephalography
Neurocritical care
Stroke

Development and validation of a nomogram to predict postoperative delirium in older patients after major abdominal surgery: a retrospective case-control study Luo, Y. G. Wu, X. D. Song, Y. X. Wang, X. L. Liu, K. Shi, C. T. Wang, Z. L. Ma, Y. L. Li, H. Liu, Y. H. Mi, W. D. Lou, J. S. Cao, J. B. Perioper Med (Lond) 2024

Delirium
Nomogram
Older patients
Risk factors
Surgery

Relationship Between Coronary Artery Revascularization and Postoperative Delirium: Progress and Perspectives Lu, N. Chi, Y. Liu, M. Angiology 2024

cognitive decline
coronary artery disease
coronary artery revascularization
delirium

Intraoperative electroencephalogram patterns as predictors of postoperative delirium in older patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis Likhvantsev, V. V. Berikashvili, L. B. Smirnova, A. V. Polyakov, P. A. Yadgarov, M. Y. Gracheva, N. D. Romanova, O. E. Abramova, I. S. Shemetova, M. M. Kuzovlev, A. N. Front Aging Neurosci 2024

anesthesia
burst suppression
intraoperative EEG
meta-analysis
postoperative delirium
surgery
systematic review

Machine learning-based model to predict delirium in patients with advanced cancer treated with palliative care: a multicenter, patient-based registry cohort Kim, Y. J. Lee, H. Woo, H. G. Lee, S. W. Hong, M. Jung, E. H. Yoo, S. H. Lee, J. Yon, D. K. Kang, B. Sci Rep 2024

Humans
*Delirium/diagnosis/etiology
*Palliative Care/methods
Male
Female
*Neoplasms/complications
*Machine Learning
Aged
*Registries
Middle Aged
Republic of Korea/epidemiology
Cohort Studies
ROC Curve
Aged, 80 and over
Cancer
Delirium
Feature importance
Machine learning
Palliative care

Spinal Anesthesia Reduces Perioperative Polypharmacy and Opioid Burden in Patients Over 65 Who Undergo Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion Karimi, H. Patel, J. Olmos, M. Kanter, M. Hernandez, N. S. Silver, R. E. Liu, P. Riesenburger, R. I. Kryzanski, J. World Neurosurg 2024

Humans
*Spinal Fusion/methods
*Analgesics, Opioid/therapeutic use/administration & dosage
Aged
Male
Female
*Polypharmacy
Retrospective Studies
*Anesthesia, Spinal/methods
*Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery
Aged, 80 and over
Anesthesia, General/methods
Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy/prevention & control
Geriatrics
Lumbar surgery
Polypharmacy
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction
Spinal anesthesia

Effects of Intranasal Insulin Pretreatment on Preoperative Sleep Quality and Postoperative Delirium in Patients Undergoing Valve Replacement for Rheumatic Heart Disease Huang, Q. Wu, X. Lei, N. Chen, X. Yu, S. Dai, X. Shi, Q. Gong, G. Shu, H. F. Nat Sci Sleep 2024

intranasal insulin
postoperative delirium
preoperative sleep quality
rheumatic heart disease
valve replacement

Association between residential greenness and incident delirium: A prospective cohort study in the UK Biobank He, Q. Sun, M. Wang, Y. Li, G. Zhao, H. Ma, Z. Feng, Z. Li, T. Han, Q. Sun, N. Li, L. Shen, Y. Sci Total Environ 2024

Air pollution
Delirium
Mediation effect
Physical activity
Prospective study
Residential greenness

Effects of Chinese traditional five-element music intervention on postoperative delirium and sleep quality in elderly patients after non-cardiac surgery: a randomized controlled trial Han, S. Cai, Z. Cao, L. Li, J. Huang, L. Perioper Med (Lond) 2024

Aged
Delirium
Medicine, Chinese traditional
Music therapy
Sleep disorders
Sleep measure

Machine learning with clinical and intraoperative biosignal data for predicting postoperative delirium after cardiac surgery Han, C. Kim, H. I. Soh, S. Choi, J. W. Song, J. W. Yoon, D. iScience 2024

Bioinformatics
Machine learning

The frequency of sepsis-associated delirium in intensive care unit and its effect on nurse workload Alıcı, Ş Öztürk Birge, A. J Clin Nurs 2024

delirium
intensive care unit
nurse workload
sepsis
sepsis‐associated delirium

Delirium Knowledge, Risk Factors, and Attitude Among the General Public in Saudi Arabia: A Cross-Sectional Study Alshurtan, K. Ali Alshammari, F. Alshammari, A. B. Alreheili, S. H. Aljassar, S. Alessa, J. A. Al Yateem, H. A. Almutairi, M. Altamimi, A. F. Altisan, H. A. Cureus 2024

attitudes
awareness
cognitive assessment
delirium
kingdom of saudi arabia
knowledge
nurses
public awareness
risk factors

The 4AT, a rapid delirium detection tool for use in hospice inpatient units: Findings from a validation study Arnold, E. Finucane, A. M. Taylor, S. Spiller, J. A. O'Rourke, S. Spenceley, J. Carduff, E. Tieges, Z. MacLullich, A. M. Palliat Med 2024

Humans
*Delirium/diagnosis
Male
Female
Aged
Middle Aged
Aged, 80 and over
*Inpatients
Hospice Care
Terminally Ill
Sensitivity and Specificity
Hospices
Reproducibility of Results
Adult
4 ‘A’s test
4at
Delirium
assessment
detection
hospice
hospice inpatient
palliative
validation

The barriers to and facilitators of implementing early mobilisation for patients with delirium on intensive care units: A systematic review Bennion, J. Manning, C. Mansell, S. K. Garrett, R. Martin, D. J Intensive Care Soc 2024

Early ambulation
delirium
intensive care units

Introducing a machine learning algorithm for delirium prediction-the Supporting SURgery with GEriatric Co-Management and AI project (SURGE-Ahead) Benovic, S. Ajlani, A. H. Leinert, C. Fotteler, M. Wolf, D. Steger, F. Kestler, H. Dallmeier, D. Denkinger, M. Eschweiler, G. W. Thomas, C. Kocar, T. D. Age Ageing 2024

Humans
Aged
Female
Male
*Machine Learning
*Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology
Aged, 80 and over
*Geriatric Assessment/methods
Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology
Risk Assessment
Risk Factors
Predictive Value of Tests
Age Factors
Support Vector Machine
Algorithms
delirium prediction
explainable artificial intelligence (AI)
machine learning
older people
post-operative delirium

Effect of a fall within three months of admission on delirium in critically Ill elderly patients: a population-based cohort study Bu, F. Cheng, H. T. Wang, Z. L. Hou, Y. S. Zhuang, Z. Li, C. Y. Wang, Y. Q. Zhang, Y. Lyu, J. Lyu, Q. Y. Aging Clin Exp Res 2024

Humans
*Delirium/epidemiology
Aged
*Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data
Female
Male
*Critical Illness
Aged, 80 and over
*Intensive Care Units
Cohort Studies
Risk Factors
Hospitalization
Incidence
Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology
Delirium
History of falls
Intensive care unit
Mortality
Older adults
Pressure injury

Relationship between cortical brain atrophy, delirium, and long-term cognitive decline in older surgical patients Cavallari, M. Touroutoglou, A. Katsumi, Y. Fong, T. G. Schmitt, E. Travison, T. G. Shafi, M. M. Libermann, T. A. Marcantonio, E. R. Alsop, D. C. Jones, R. N. Inouye, S. K. Dickerson, B. C. Neurobiol Aging 2024

Alzheimer’s disease
Atrophy
Cortical thickness
Delirium
Magnetic resonance imaging
Surgery

Dementia Development during Long-Term Follow-Up after Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement with a Biological Prosthesis in a Geriatric Population Deblier, I. Dossche, K. Vanermen, A. Mistiaen, W. J Cardiovasc Dev Dis 2024

dementia
predictors
surgical aortic valve replacement

A Comparison of Efficacy between Low-dose Dexmedetomidine and Propofol for Prophylaxis of Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Patients Undergoing Hip Fracture Surgery: A Randomized Controlled Trial Ekkapat, G. Kampitak, W. Theerasuwipakorn, N. Kittipongpattana, J. Engsusophon, P. Phannajit, J. Chokengarmwong, N. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024

Dexmedetomidine
Geriatric anesthesia
Hip fracture surgery
Postoperative delirium
Propofol

Development and validation of a new drug-focused predictive risk score for postoperative delirium in orthopaedic and trauma surgery patients Geßele, C. Saller, T. Smolka, V. Dimitriadis, K. Amann, U. Strobach, D. BMC Geriatr 2024

Humans
Female
Male
Aged
Retrospective Studies
*Delirium/diagnosis
*Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/prevention & control/epidemiology
Risk Factors
*Orthopedic Procedures/adverse effects/methods
Risk Assessment/methods
Middle Aged
Wounds and Injuries/surgery
Aged, 80 and over
Medication Reconciliation/methods
Acute Care Surgery
Geriatrics
Medication Safety
Postoperative delirium
Screening tools

Preoperative cognitive performance and its association with postoperative complications in vascular surgery patients: A prospective study Goodijk, D. Banning, L. B. D. Te Velde-Keyzer, C. A. van Munster, B. C. Bakker, S. J. L. van Leeuwen, B. L. Zeebregts, C. J. Pol, R. A. Am J Surg 2024

Cognition
Cognitive impairment
Postoperative complications
Vascular surgical procedure

Prognostic Nutritional Index and the Risk of Postoperative Complications After Spine Surgery: A Meta-Analysis Guo, H. Yang, L. Liu, J. Yu, X. Chen, L. Huang, Y. World Neurosurg 2024

Humans
*Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
Prognosis
*Nutrition Assessment
Malnutrition
Risk Factors
Spine/surgery
Postoperative complications
Postoperative delirium
Prognostic nutritional index
Spine surgery
Surgical site infection

Risk stratification and predictive modeling of postoperative delirium in chronic subdural hematoma Yang, X. Regmi, M. Wang, Y. Liu, W. Dai, Y. Liu, S. Lin, G. Yang, J. Ye, J. Yang, C. Neurosurg Rev 2024

Humans
Male
Female
Aged
*Hematoma, Subdural, Chronic/complications
*Emergence Delirium/complications
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Risk Assessment
Electrolytes
Chronic subdural hematoma
Postoperative delirium

Association between increased systemic immune-inflammation index and postoperative delirium in older intertrochanteric fracture patients Yan, X. Huang, J. Chen, X. Lin, M. J Orthop Surg Res 2024

Humans
Aged
*Emergence Delirium
Retrospective Studies
*Hip Fractures/surgery
Nomograms
Inflammation
Older intertrochanteric fracture patients
Postoperative delirium
Systemic immune-inflammation index

Intravenous infusion of dexmedetomidine during the surgery to prevent postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction undergoing non-cardiac surgery: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials Wang, D. Liu, Z. Zhang, W. Zu, G. Tao, H. Bi, C. Eur J Med Res 2024

Humans
Bradycardia/epidemiology
*Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use
*Emergence Delirium/epidemiology/prevention & control
*Hypotension/epidemiology
Infusions, Intravenous
*Postoperative Cognitive Complications/prevention & control
Postoperative Complications/prevention & control/epidemiology
Quality of Life
Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
Dexmedetomidine
Non-cardiac surgery and non-neurosurgery
Postoperative cognitive dysfunction
Postoperative delirium

Triglyceride-glucose index predicts postoperative delirium in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a retrospective cohort study Sun, M. Liu, M. Zhang, F. Sang, L. Song, Y. Li, P. Liu, S. Yang, H. Ma, L. Cao, J. Mi, W. Ma, Y. Lipids Health Dis 2024

Aged
Female
Male
Humans
*Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications
*Emergence Delirium
Retrospective Studies
Glucose
Triglycerides
Biomarkers
Blood Glucose
Risk Factors
Elderly surgical patients
Insulin resistance
Postoperative delirium
Triglyceride glucose index
Type 2 diabetes mellitus

Electroencephalogram Biomarkers from Anesthesia Induction to Identify Vulnerable Patients at Risk for Postoperative Delirium Pollak, M. Leroy, S. Röhr, V. Brown, E. N. Spies, C. Koch, S. Anesthesiology 2024

Humans
Aged
*Emergence Delirium/etiology
*Delirium/diagnosis
Prospective Studies
Electroencephalography
Anesthesia, General/adverse effects
Unconsciousness
Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology

Mesial temporal atrophy in preoperative MRI rather than steep Trendelenburg position is associated with postoperative delirium in patients undergoing a major urologic surgery Park, J. H. Park, I. Yoon, J. Sim, Y. Kim, J. Lee, S. K. Joo, B. Int Urol Nephrol 2024

Male
Humans
Female
*Emergence Delirium/complications
Retrospective Studies
*Delirium/etiology/complications
Head-Down Tilt
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Atrophy/complications
Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology
Risk Factors
Delirium
Emergence delirium
Urologic surgical procedures

Comparison of Remimazolam and Propofol on Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Patients Undergoing Radical Resection of Colon Cancer: A Single-Center Prospective Randomized Controlled Study Liu, T. Zhao, H. Zhao, X. Qu, M. Med Sci Monit 2024

Humans
Aged
*Propofol
*Emergence Delirium/chemically induced
Prospective Studies
*Delirium/etiology/drug therapy
Vomiting/chemically induced
*Colonic Neoplasms/surgery/drug therapy
*Respiratory Insufficiency
Nausea/chemically induced
Hypoxia/drug therapy
*Benzodiazepines

Dynamic Delirium Prediction in the Intensive Care Unit using Machine Learning on Electronic Health Records Contreras, M. Silva, B. Shickel, B. Bandyopadhyay, S. Guan, Z. Ren, Y. Ozrazgat-Baslanti, T. Khezeli, K. Bihorac, A. Rashidi, P. IEEE EMBS Int Conf Biomed Health Inform 2023

Delirium

ICU

Machine learning system

Delirium Prediction

The Role of Delirium on Short- and Long-Term Postoperative Outcomes Following Major Gastrointestinal Surgery for Cancer Katayama, E. S. Stecko, H. Woldesenbet, S. Khalil, M. Munir, M. M. Endo, Y. Tsilimigras, D. Pawlik, T. M. Ann Surg Oncol 2024

Delirium

Digestive tract surgery

Surgical outcomes

Postoperative delirium

Expenditures

Long-term outcomes after treatment of delirium during critical illness with antipsychotics (MIND-USA): a randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial Mart, M. F. Boehm, L. M. Kiehl, A. L. Gong, M. N. Malhotra, A. Owens, R. L. Khan, B. A. Pisani, M. A. Schmidt, G. A. Hite, R. D. Exline, M. C. Carson, S. S. Hough, C. L. Rock, P. Douglas, I. S. Feinstein, D. J. Hyzy, R. C. Schweickert, W. D. Bowton, D. L. Lancet Respir Med 2024

Delirium

Critical illness

Antipsychotics

Long-term cognitive impairment

Haloperidol

Ziprasidone

Incidence and assessment of delirium following open cardiac surgery; A systematic review and meta-analysis Petersson, N. B. Hansen, M. H. Hjelmborg, J. V. B. Instenes, I. Christoffersen, A. S. Larsen, K. L. Schmidt, H. Riber, L. P. S. Norekvål, T. M. Borregaard, B. Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2024

Open Cardiac Surgery

Delirium

Systematic Review

CAM

CAM-ICU

Delirium assessment tools

Significance Analysis of the Improvement in Postoperative Recovery of Cardiac Surgery Patients Based on the Graded Management Established Using the Delirium Prediction Model Zhang, H. Wang, Q. Feng, P. Altern Ther Health Med 2024

Cardiac Surgery

Delirium Prediction

Delirium

ICU Delirium

Type A aortic coarctation

Postoperative Delirium and the Older Adult: Untangling the Confusion Thedim, M. Vacas, S. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol 2024

aging, anesthesia, delirium, inflammation, sleep

Efficacy and safety of music therapy for the treatment of anxiety and delirium in ICU patients: a meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials Xiao, M. Gong, C. Mai, M. Huang, M. Xiong, A. Liu, H. Jiang, R. Minerva Anestesiol 2024

Music therapy; Intensive care units; Anxiety; Delirium; Meta-analysis

Aripiprazole for treating delirium: A systematic review-Is it a valid yet understudied treatment? Maddalena, S. Magistri, C. Mellini, C. Sarli, G. J Psychopharmacol 2024

Haloperidol
antipsychotics
confusional state
extrapyramidal side
geriatric

Delirium screening in the emergency department: evaluation and intervention Meged-Book, T. Frenkel, R. Nikonov, A. Zeldetz, V. Kosto, A. Schwarzfuchs, D. Freud, T. Press, Y. Isr J Health Policy Res 2024

Humans
Aged
*Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology
Prospective Studies
Israel
Hospitalization
Emergency Service, Hospital
Delirium
Emergency department
Older adults

A Toolkit for Delirium Identification and Promoting Partnerships Between Carers and Nurses: A Pilot Pre-Post Feasibility Study Aggar, C. Craswell, A. Bail, K. Compton, R. M. Hughes, M. Sorwar, G. Baker, J. Greenhill, J. Shinners, L. Nichols, B. Langheim, R. Wallis, A. Bowen, K. Bridgett, H. J Gen Intern Med 2024

caregiving
carers
delirium
family