Delirium Severity Measures: Symptom Coverage Table

The table below compares 17 commonly-used delirium severity measures based on symptoms included in each measure. This table was developed by Rich Jones, ScD.

View the printer-friendly version: NIDUS Delirium Symptom Coverage Table

Delirium Severity Measures: Symptom Coverage Table
  1. Inouye, S.K., et al., Clarifying confusion: the confusion assessment method. A new method for detection of delirium. Ann Intern Med, 1990. 113(12): p. 941-8.
  2. Inouye, S.K., et al., The CAM-S: development and validation of a new scoring system for delirium severity in 2 cohorts. Ann Intern Med, 2014. 160(8): p. 526-33.
  3. Robertsson, B., et al., Confusional State Evaluation (CSE): an instrument for measuring severity of delirium in the elderly. Br J Psychiatry, 1997. 170: p. 565-70.
  4. McCusker, J., et al., Reliability and validity of a new measure of severity of delirium. Int Psychogeriatr, 1998. 10(4): p. 421-33.
  5. de Jonghe, J.F., et al., Delirium-O-Meter: a nurses' rating scale for monitoring delirium severity in geriatric patients. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2005. 20(12): p. 1158-66.
  6. Scheffer, A.C., et al., Assessing severity of delirium by the Delirium Observation Screening Scale. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry, 2011. 26(3): p. 284-91.
  7. Trzepacz, P.T., R.W. Baker, and J. Greenhouse, A symptom rating scale for delirium. Psychiatry Res, 1988. 23(1): p. 89-97.
  8. Albert, M.S., et al., The delirium symptom interview: an interview for the detection of delirium symptoms in hospitalized patients. J Geriatr Psychiatry Neurol, 1992. 5(1): p. 14-21.
  9. Bettin, K.M., et al., Measuring delirium severity in older general hospital inpatients without dementia. The Delirium Severity Scale. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry, 1998. 6(4): p. 296-307.
  10. Breitbart, W., et al., The Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale. J Pain Symptom Manage, 1997. 13(3): p. 128-37.
  11. Neelon, V.J., et al., The NEECHAM Confusion Scale: construction, validation, and clinical testing. Nurs Res, 1996. 45(6): p. 324-30.
  12. Gaudreau, J.D., et al., Impact on delirium detection of using a sensitive instrument integrated into clinical practice. Gen Hosp Psychiatry, 2005. 27(3): p. 194-9.
  13. Trzepacz, P.T., et al., Validation of the Delirium Rating Scale-revised-98: comparison with the delirium rating scale and the cognitive test for delirium. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 2001. 13(2): p. 229-42.
  14. Otter, H., et al., Validity and reliability of the DDS for severity of delirium in the ICU. Neurocrit Care, 2005. 2(2): p. 150-8.
  15. Key Papers in Old Age Psychiatry. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 1995. 10(10): p. 831-831.
  16. Meagher, D., et al., A new data-based motor subtype schema for delirium. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci, 2008. 20(2): p. 185-93.
  17. Morita, T., et al., Communication Capacity Scale and Agitation Distress Scale to measure the severity of delirium in terminally ill cancer patients: a validation study. Palliat Med, 2001. 15(3): p. 197-206.