Delirium Bibliography

Delirium Bibliography books graphicWhat is the Delirium Bibliography? The searchable Delirium Bibliography page is one of our most popular features, allowing you to quickly gain access to the literature on delirium and acute care of older persons. It is primarily intended for clinicians and researchers interested in exploring these topics. The NIDUS team keeps it updated for you on a monthly basis!

How to Search for Articles: Search by author, title, year, and/or keywords. Each article is indexed by keywords taken from MEDLINE and other relevant databases. Click on the title of the article to read the abstract, journal, etc.

Reference Information

A single preoperative low-dose dexamethasone may reduce the incidence and severity of postoperative delirium in the geriatric intertrochanteric fracture patients with internal fixation surgery: an exploratory analysis of a randomized, placebo-controlled t
Huang, J. W. Yang, Y. F. Gao, X. S. Xu, Z. H.
J Orthop Surg Res

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delirium (POD) is a common complication along with poor prognosis in geriatric intertrochanteric fracture (ITF) patients. However, the prevention and treatment of POD remain unclear. Previous studies have confirmed that POD is essentially a consequence of neuro-inflammatory responses. Dexamethasone is a glucocorticoid with comprehensive anti-inflammatory effects, while a high dose of dexamethasone correlates with many side effects or even adverse consequences. Thus, this prospective study aims to discuss whether a single preoperative low-dose dexamethasone can reduce the impact of POD on geriatric ITF patients with internal fixation surgery. METHODS: Between June 2020 and October 2022, there were 219 consecutive ITF patients assessed in our department. Of the 219 ITF patients, 160 cases who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria were finally enrolled and randomly allocated to the dexamethasone group and the placebo group (80 geriatric ITF patients in each group) in this prospective study. The patients in the dexamethasone group received intravenous 10 mg (2 ml) dexamethasone while the patients in the placebo group received intravenous 2 ml saline in 30 min before being sent to the operating room, respectively. The baseline characteristics, surgical information, incidence and severity of POD as the efficacy-related outcomes, and infection events and hyperglycemia as safety-related outcomes (adverse events), were collected and analyzed between the two groups. The severity of POD was evaluated by Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale (MDAS) score. RESULTS: There were no differences in baseline characteristics and surgical information between the dexamethasone group and the placebo group. The dexamethasone group had a lower incidence of POD than the placebo group within the first 5 days after surgery [(9/80, 11.3% vs. 21/80, 26.3%, RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.71-0.97, P = 0.015]. The dexamethasone group had lower MDAS scores (Mean ± SD) than the placebo group [13.2 ± 1.0 (range 11 to 15) vs. 15.48 ± 2.9 (range 9 to 20), P = 0.011, effect size = 0.514]. There were no differences in infection events and hyperglycemia between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: A single preoperative low-dose dexamethasone may reduce the incidence and severity of POD in geriatric ITF patients with internal fixation surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR2200055281.


PMID: 37337260




Humans, Aged, *Emergence Delirium/drug therapy, Postoperative, Complications/epidemiology/etiology/prevention & control, Prospective Studies
Incidence, *Delirium/epidemiology/etiology/prevention & control, *Hip Fractures/surgery/drug therapy, Dexamethasone, Intertrochanteric fractures, Postoperative delirium, The elderly


Total Records Found: 5776, showing 100 per page
Heart rate response and recovery during exercise predict future delirium risk-A prospective cohort study in middle- to older-aged adults Gao, L. Gaba, A. Li, P. Saxena, R. Scheer, Fajl Akeju, O. Rutter, M. K. Hu, K. J Sport Health Sci 2023

Male, Humans, Adult, Middle Aged, Female, Heart Rate/physiology, Prospective Studies, Exercise/physiology, Risk Factors, Delirium, Brain health, Delirium, Exercise stress test

Circadian Rest-Activity Rhythms, Delirium Risk, and Progression to Dementia Gao, L. Li, P. Gaykova, N. Zheng, X. Gao, C. Lane, J. M. Saxena, R. Scheer, Fajl Rutter, M. K. Akeju, O. Hu, K. Ann Neurol 2023

Middle Aged, Humans, Sleep, Circadian Rhythm, Rest, Actigraphy, Sleep Wake Disorders, Dementia/etiology, Delirium/etiology

Frequency and Risk Factors of Subsyndromal Delirium in the Intensive Care Units: A Prospective Cohort Study Gao, Y. Gong, S. Zhou, W. Li, X. Gan, X. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2023

Icu, intensive care units, prevalence, risk factors, subsyndromal delirium

Calibration of the PREdiction of DELIRium in ICu Patients (PRE-DELIRIC) Score in a Cohort of Critically Ill Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study Gravante, F. Giannarelli, D. Pucci, A. Pisani, L. Latina, R. Dimens Crit Care Nurs 2023

Humans, Calibration, Critical Illness, Retrospective Studies, Nonoxynol, Delirium, Intensive Care Units

Surgeon-Specific Treatment Selection Bias and Heterogeneous Perioperative Practices in an Observational Spine Surgery Study. A Statistical Tutorial with Implications for Analysis of Observational Studies of Perioperative Interventions Hindman, B. J. Gold, C. J. Ray, E. Wendt, L. H. Ten Eyck, P. Berger, J. I. Olinger, C. R. Banks, M. I. Sanders, R. D. Howard, M. A., 3rd Woodroffe, R. W. World Neurosurg 2023

Adult, Humans, Antifibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use, Retrospective Studies, Selection Bias, Tranexamic Acid/therapeutic use, Blood Loss, Surgical, Surgeons, Delirium, Logistic regression, Propensity score, Spinal fusion, Surgical technique, Tranexamic acid

Relationship Between Delirium Development and Its Causative Factors in the Intensive Care Unit After Cardiac Surgery Hori, Y. Mihashi, M. Yonago Acta Med 2023

cardiac surgery, delirium, intensive care unit, postoperative complications, risk factors

Effect of Repeated Intranasal Administration of Different Doses of Insulin on Postoperative Delirium, Serum τ and Aβ Protein in Elderly Patients Undergoing Radical Esophageal Cancer Surgery Huang, Q. Shi, Q. Yi, X. Zeng, J. Dai, X. Lin, L. Yang, Y. Wu, X. Gong, G. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat

Aβ protein, aged, intranasal insulin, postoperative delirium, τ protein

Delirium screening in a stroke unit by nurses using 4AT: Results from a quality improvement project Ihle-Hansen, H. Johnsen, N. Jankowiak, T. Hagberg, G. Walle-Hansen, M. M. Landgraff, I. Høvik, G. Graven, E. Myrstad, M. Nurs Open 2023

4at, delirium, minor stroke, nurse, post-stroke

A Review of Biomarkers in Delirium Superimposed on Dementia (DSD) and Their Clinical Application to Personalized Treatment and Management Jahangir, S. Allala, M. Khan, A. S. Muyolema Arce, V. E. Patel, A. Soni, K. Sharafshah, A. Cureus 2023

bioinformatics, delirium, delirium superimposed dementia, dementia, geriatrics, hsa-mir-17, neurology, psychiatry

Factors Affecting Delirium in ICU Patients Jeong, I. S. Cho, M. K. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2023

Humans, Retrospective Studies, Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology, Intensive Care Units, Hypnotics and Sedatives, Pain/complications, Risk Factors, Glasgow coma scale, blood urea nitrogen, delirium, intensive care unit, length of stay, morse fall scale, restraints, simplified acute physiology score

The Combined Effect of Delirium and Falls on Length of Stay and Discharge Kalivas, B. Zhang, J. Harper, K. Dulin, J. Heincelman, M. Marsden, J. Hunt, K. J. Mauldin, P. D. Moran, W. P. Thomas, M. K. J Healthc Qual 2023

Humans, Length of Stay, Patient Discharge, Cross-Sectional Studies, Hospitalization, Delirium, Retrospective Studies

Effect of using eye masks and earplugs in preventing delirium in intensive care patients: A single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial Kiliç, G. Kav, S. Nurs Crit Care 2023

delirium, earplugs, eye masks, intensive care unit (ICU), nonpharmacological interventions

Computed tomographic bone mineral density is independently associated with adverse in-hospital outcomes in Dutch level-1 trauma patients Kobes, T. Sweet, A. A. R. Verstegen, S. B. H. Houwert, R. M. Veldhuis, W. B. Leenen, L. P. H. de Jong, P. A. van Baal, Mcpm Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 2023

Male, Humans, Middle Aged, Female, Bone Density, Osteoporosis, Absorptiometry, Photon/methods, Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods, Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging, Hospitals, Delirium, Retrospective Studies, Bone mineral density, Computed tomography, In-hospital complications, Opportunistic screening, Trauma patients

Yokukansan (TJ-54) in patients undergoing surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis Kotake, K. Matsunuma, S. Takahashi, T. Kitamura, N. Kawakami, Y. Geriatr Nurs 2023

Adverse events, Anxiety, Postoperative delirium, Systematic review, Yokukansan

Pattern of Inpatient Consultation-liaison Psychiatry Utility in a Tertiary Care Hospital Kumar, P. Chaudhary, R. Bhalla, J. K. Gupta, A. Int J Appl Basic Med Res 2023

Consultation liaison psychiatry, delirium, drug withdrawal, emergency

Machine learning-based prediction model for postoperative delirium in non-cardiac surgery Lee, D. Y. Oh, A. R. Park, J. Lee, S. H. Choi, B. Yang, K. Kim, H. Y. Park, R. W. BMC Psychiatry 2023

Humans, Male, Emergence Delirium, Algorithms, Area Under Curve, Hospitals, Machine Learning, Delirium, Non-cardiac surgery

Preoperative slow-wave sleep is associated with postoperative delirium after heart valve surgery: A prospective pilot study Lin, Y. Xu, S. Peng, Y. Li, S. Huang, X. Chen, L. J Sleep Res 2023

delirium, sleep architecture, slow-wave sleep, valve surgery

The relationship between major depression and delirium: A two-sample Mendelian randomization analysis Li, J. Wang, J. Yang, M. Wang, G. Xu, P. J Affect Disord 2023

Delirium, Depression, Genetic, Mendelian randomization

Preoperative cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers may be associated with postoperative delirium in patients undergoing knee/hip arthroplasty: the PNDABLE study Lin, Y. Yu, N. Lin, X. Deng, X. Liu, F. Tao, H. Dong, R. Wang, B. Bi, Y. BMC Geriatr 2023

Humans, Aged, Amyloid beta-Peptides/cerebrospinal fluid, Emergence Delirium, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects, Aging, Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid, Peptide Fragments, Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis
Biomarkers, Delirium, Predictive factors, cerebrospinal fluid

Associated factors for postoperative delirium following major abdominal surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis Liu, J. Li, J. Wang, J. Zhang, M. Han, S. Du, Y. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2023

Humans, Emergence Delirium/complications, Delirium/epidemiology/etiology/diagnosis, Postoperative, Complications/epidemiology/etiology/diagnosis, Risk Factors, Risk Assessment, major abdominal surgery, meta-analysis, postoperative delirium, systematic review

Detecting delirium: a systematic review of ultrabrief identification instruments for hospital patients Liu, Y. Li, Z. Li, Y. Ge, N. Yue, J. Front Psychol 2023

delirium, measurement, older patients, psychometrics, systematic review

Biomarkers of delirium risk in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis Lozano-Vicario, L. García-Hermoso, A. Cedeno-Veloz, B. A. Fernández-Irigoyen, J. Santamaría, E. Romero-Ortuno, R. Zambom-Ferraresi, F. Sáez de Asteasu, M. L. Muñoz-Vázquez Á, J. Izquierdo, M. Martínez-Velilla, N. Front Aging Neurosci 2023

biomarkers, cognitive impairment, delirium, neuroinflammation, older people

Perioperative outcomes in different anesthesia techniques for patients undergoing hip fracture surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ma, B. Xie, H. Ling, H. Ma, W. BMC Anesthesiol 2023

Humans, Prospective Studies, Retrospective Studies, Hip Fractures/surgery, Anesthesia, Conduction, Anesthesia, General, Postoperative Complications/epidemiology, Emergence Delirium/epidemiology, Delirium, General anesthesia, Hip fractures, Mortality, Pneumonia, Regional anesthesia

Diagnostic accuracy of the 3-minute diagnostic interview for confusion assessment method-defined delirium in delirium detection: a systematic review and meta-analysis Ma, R. Zhao, J. Li, C. Qin, Y. Yan, J. Wang, Y. Yu, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Y. Huang, B. Sun, S. Ning, X. Age Ageing 2023

Humans, Aged, Delirium/diagnosis, Sensitivity and Specificity, Intensive Care Units, Hospitals, Patients’ Rooms, 3-minute diagnostic interview for CAM-defined delirium (3D-CAM), delirium, meta-analysis
older people, sensitivity, specificity, systematic review

Improving the Prevention, Detection, and Management of Delirium in Adult Inpatients; an Interprofessional Consultative Team Pilot Project Monaghan, C. Kerr, J. Ali, A. Amer, S. Ma, J. Abraham, C. Simpson, K. Marcucci, M. Carter, A. Rizvi, Z. Jones-Lim, L. Peters, M. L. Versloot, J. Gerontol Geriatr Med 2023

consultative team, delirium, hospital medicine, interprofessional, quality improvement

Recall of delirium and related distress in elderly hospitalized patients: A prospective study Moura, M. L. Martins, S. Correia, R. Pinho, E. Paulo, C. Silva, M. J. Teixeira, A. Fontes, L. Lopes, L. Paiva, J. A. Azevedo, L. F. Fernandes, L. Porto Biomed J 2023

critical care, delirium, psychological distress, recall

Supervised deep learning with vision transformer predicts delirium using limited lead EEG Mulkey, M. A. Huang, H. Albanese, T. Kim, S. Yang, B. Sci Rep 2023

Humans, Aged, Delirium, Critical Illness, Deep Learning, Patient Discharge, Electroencephalography, Intensive Care Units

Duration of Surgery and Intraoperative Blood Pressure Management are Modifiable Risk Factors for Postoperative Neurocognitive Disorders Following Spine Surgery: Results of the Prospective CONFESS Study Müller, J. Nowak, S. Weidemeier, M. Vogelgesang, A. Ruhnau, J. von Sarnowski, B. Saar, A. Veser, Y. Behr, F. Gross, S. Rathmann, E. Schmidt, S. Rehberg, S. Usichenko, T. Hahnenkamp, K. Ehler, J. Flöel, A. Schroeder, H. W. S. Müller, J. U. Fleischmann, Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 2023

postoperative delirium, neurocognitive disorders, surgical, postoperative cognitive dysfunction, aging

The impact of a preoperative nurse-led orientation program on postoperative delirium after cardiovascular surgery: a retrospective single-center observational study Nakamura, R. Miyamoto, K. Tsuji, K. Ozaki, K. Kunimoto, H. Honda, K. Nishimura, Y. Kato, S. J Intensive Care 2023

Cardiovascular surgery, Intensive care unit, Non-pharmacological approach, Postoperative delirium

Association Between Postoperative Delirium and Long-Term Subjective Cognitive Decline in Older Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery: A Secondary Analysis of the Minimizing Intensive Care Unit Neurological Dysfunction with Dexmedetomidine-Induced Sleep Tria Namirembe, G. E. Baker, S. Albanese, M. Mueller, A. Qu, J. Z. Mekonnen, J. Wiredu, K. Westover, M. B. Houle, T. T. Akeju, O. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2023

cardiac surgery, cognition, delirium, postoperative, subjective cognitive decline

Outcomes with spinal versus general anesthesia for patients with and without preoperative cognitive impairment: Secondary analysis of a randomized clinical trial O'Brien, K. Feng, R. Sieber, F. Marcantonio, E. R. Tierney, A. Magaziner, J. Carson, J. L. Dillane, D. Sessler, D. I. Menio, D. Ayad, S. Stone, T. Papp, S. Schwenk, E. S. Marshall, M. Jaffe, J. D. Luke, C. Sharma, B. Azim, S. Hymes, R. Chin, K. J. Sheppar Alzheimers Dement 2023

anesthesia, delirium, dementia, hip fracture, mild cognitive impairment, surgery

Age-dependent differences and similarities in the plasma proteomic signature of postoperative delirium Oren, R. L. Kim, E. J. Leonard, A. K. Rosner, B. Chibnik, L. B. Das, S. Grodstein, F. Crosby, G. Culley, D. J. Sci Rep 2023

Middle Aged, Humans, Aged, Emergence Delirium, Proteomics, Interleukin-8, Postoperative Complications, Delirium/etiology, Asialoglycoprotein Receptor

Delirium education and post-anaesthetics care unit nurses' knowledge on recognising and managing delirium in older patients Ormonde, C. Igwe, E. O. Nealon, J. O'Shaughnessy, P. Traynor, V. Aging Clin Exp Res 2023

Humans, Aged, Delirium/diagnosis/therapy, Clinical Competence, Surveys and Questionnaires, Anesthetics, Nurses, Delirium care practice, Delirium education, Delirium risk factors, Post-anaesthesia care units, Postoperative delirium, Registered nurses

Feasibility randomised controlled trial of online group Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Functional Cognitive Disorder (ACT4FCD) Poole, N. Cope, S. Vanzan, S. Duffus, A. Mantovani, N. Smith, J. Barrett, B. M. Tokley, M. Scicluna, M. Beardmore, S. Turner, K. Edwards, M. Howard, R. BMJ Open 2023

Humans, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Quality of Life, Feasibility Studies, Cognitive Dysfunction, Outcome Assessment, Health Care, Delirium & cognitive disorders, Neurology, Psychiatry

Factors Associated With Function-Focused Care Among Hospitalized Older Adults Living With Dementia Resnick, B. Boltz, M. Galik, E. Kuzmik, A. Drazich, B. F. McPherson, R. Wells, C. L. Renn, C. Dorsey, S. G. Ellis, J. Crit Care Nurs Q 2023

Humans, Aged, Pain, Pain Management, Dementia/therapy, Delirium/epidemiology/therapy

Safety and Efficacy of BCMA CAR-T Cell Therapy in Older Patients With Multiple Myeloma Reyes, K. R. Huang, C. Y. Lo, M. Arora, S. Chung, A. Wong, S. W. Wolf, J. Olin, R. L. Martin, T. Shah, N. Banerjee, R. Transplant Cell Ther 2023

Humans, Aged, Adult, Middle Aged, Multiple Myeloma/therapy, Receptors, Chimeric, Antigen/therapeutic use, B-Cell Maturation Antigen, Retrospective Studies, Agammaglobulinemia, Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy, Delirium, CAR-T therapy, Elderly, Geriatric, Multiple myeloma

Low Skeletal Muscle Mass and the Incidence of Delirium in Hospitalized Older Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies Shen, Y. Wan, Q. Zhao, R. Chen, Y. Xia, L. Wu, Y. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Zhao, L. Li, T. Wu, X. Int J Clin Pract 2023

Humans, Risk Factors, Delirium/epidemiology/etiology, Incidence, Odds Ratio, Muscle, Skeletal

Intraoperative 5-HT(3) receptor antagonists decrease the prevalence of postoperative delirium in older adults undergoing hip fracture surgery: a single-center retrospective study Shin, H. J. Park, J. I. Lee, S. Hwang, J. W. Na, H. S. J Anesth 2023

Humans, Male, Aged, Emergence Delirium/complications, Retrospective Studies, Serotonin, Palonosetron, Prevalence, Delirium/epidemiology/etiology/prevention & control, Hip Fractures/surgery, Risk Factors, Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/prevention & control, 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, Hip fracture, Older adults, Postoperative delirium, Ramosetron

Correlation of C-reactive Protein with Delirium in Obstetrics Intensive Care Unit: A Tertiary Center Experience Shyam, R. Patel, M. L. Solanki, M. Sachan, R. Ali, W. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023

C-reactive protein, Critically ill, Delirium, Intensive Care Unit, Obstetric intensive care unit

Identification through the Manchester Triage System of the older population at risk of delirium: A case-control study Soler-Sanchis, A. Martínez-Arnau, F. M. Sánchez-Frutos, J. Pérez-Ros, P. J Clin Nurs 2023

Humans, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Triage, Case-Control Studies, Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology, Emergency Service, Hospital, Risk Factors, Stroke, Dementia/diagnosis/epidemiology, Delirium, emergency department

Delusions and Hallucinations Are Associated With Greater Severity of Delirium Trzepacz, P. T. Franco, J. G. Meagher, D. Kishi, Y. Sepúlveda, E. Gaviria, A. M. Chen, C. H. Huang, M. C. Furlanetto, L. M. Negreiros, D. Lee, Y. Kim, J. L. Kean, J. J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2023

Humans, Delusions/diagnosis/psychology, Cross-Sectional Studies, Hallucinations/epidemiology, Psychotic Disorders/complications, Brain Diseases, Delirium/epidemiology/diagnosis, core domains, delirium, delusions, hallucinations, neural networks, psychosis

Extremes of baseline cognitive function determine the severity of delirium: a population study Tsui, A. Yeo, N. Searle, S. D. Bowden, H. Hoffmann, K. Hornby, J. Goslett, A. Weston-Clarke, M. Lanham, D. Hogan, P. Seeley, A. Rawle, M. Chaturvedi, N. Sampson, E. L. Rockwood, K. Cunningham, C. Ely, E. W. Richardson, S. J. Brayne, C. Terrera, G. M. Tieg Brain 2023

Humans, Delirium/epidemiology, Prospective Studies, Cognition, Research Design, baseline cognitive function, delirium, epidemiology

Differences in long-term outcomes between ICU patients with persistent delirium, non-persistent delirium and no delirium: A longitudinal cohort study van der Heijden, E. F. M. Kooken, R. W. J. Zegers, M. Simons, K. S. van den Boogaard, M. J Crit Care 2023

Adult, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Quality of Life, Intensive Care Units, Prospective Studies, Cohort Studies, Cognitive dysfunction, Critical illness, Delirium, Intensive care units, Outcome assessment, Patient reported outcome measures

Postoperative Delirium and Cognitive Dysfunction after General and Regional Anesthesia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Viderman, D. Nabidollayeva, F. Aubakirova, M. Yessimova, D. Badenes, R. Abdildin, Y. J Clin Med 2023

general anesthesia, post-operative cognitive dysfunction, post-operative delirium, regional anesthesia

Deficient vitamin B12 levels are associated with increased delirium incidence in critically ill patients Vosouqi, M. Abbasi, S. Farsaei, S. Clin Nutr ESPEN 2023

Adult, Humans, Delirium/epidemiology, Prospective Studies, Intensive Care Units, Critical Illness, Incidence, Cross-Sectional Studies, Cobalamin, Critical care, Delirium, Vitamin B 12

Association of insulin resistance with delirium and CSF biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in elderly patients with hip fracture Wang, J. Shuang, P. Li, Z. Zhao, L. Wang, X. Liu, P. Aging Clin Exp Res 2023

Alzheimer’s disease, CSF biomarkers, Delirium, Dementia, Hip fracture, Insulin resistance

Family Presence May Reduce Postoperative Delirium After Spinal Surgery Welsch, E. Vashisht, A. Stutzman, S. E. Olson, D. M. J Neurosci Nurs 2023

Humans, Delirium/prevention & control, Emergence Delirium, Prospective Studies, Intensive Care Units, Hospitalization

Delirium education for family caregivers of patients in the intensive care unit: A pilot study Wheeler, A. Bloch, E. Blaylock, S. Root, J. Ibanez, K. Newman, K. Diarte, J. Voigt, L. P. PEC Innov 2023

Caregiver delirium education, Caregiver training, ICU delirium

Effect of internal jugular vein catheterization on intracranial pressure and postoperative cognitive function in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery Yang, B. Li, M. Liang, J. Tang, X. Chen, Q. Front Med (Lausanne) 2023

catheterization, internal jugular vein, optic nerve sheath diameter, postoperative delirium, robot-assisted laparoscopy

The association between gut microbiota and postoperative delirium in patients Zhang, Y. Baldyga, K. Dong, Y. Song, W. Villanueva, M. Deng, H. Mueller, A. Houle, T. T. Marcantonio, E. R. Xie, Z. J Clin Nurs 2023

attitude, cardiac surgery, knowledge, postoperative delirium, practice

Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding postoperative delirium among cardiac surgery nurses: A cross-sectional multi-centre study Zhou, C. Qu, X. Wang, L. Wu, Q. Zhou, Y. J Clin Nurs 2023

attitude, cardiac surgery, knowledge, postoperative delirium, practice

Incidence and risk factors of postoperative delirium after pancreatic cancer surgery: a retrospective study Zhao, B. Ji, H. S. Xu, C. Y. Li, D. J. Xing, Z. Q. Liu, B. Han, Y. Xia, W. J. Han, L. H. Surg Today 2023

Humans, Retrospective Studies, *Emergence Delirium, Postoperative, Complications/epidemiology/etiology, Incidence, Risk Factors, *Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery/complications, Pancreatic cancer, Postoperative delirium

Silent Brain Infarction, Delirium, and Cognition in Three Invasive Cardiovascular Procedures: a Systematic Review Gerstenecker, A. Norling, A. M. Jacob, A. Lazar, R. M. Neuropsychol Rev 2023

Humans, Brain Infarction/complications, Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects, *Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects, Cognition Risk Factors, *Delirium/etiology/diagnosis/psychology, Af, Cabg, Delirium, Silent brain infarction, Tavr

Feasibility of Light and Music Therapy in the Elderly for the Prevention of Hospital-Associated Delirium Keene, S. Balasundaram, A. Cameron-Comasco, L. Otero, R. R I Med J (2013) 2023

Aged, Humans, *Delirium/prevention & control, *Music Therapy, Feasibility Studies, Pilot Projects, Hospitals, Emergency Service, Hospital, delirium, dementia, emergency department, geriatrics, quality improvement

Identification of risk factors for postoperative delirium in patients following intraoral reconstruction with microvascular free flaps: a matched-pair analysis Ooms, M. Schooß, R. Puladi, B. Steiner, T. Hölzle, F. Bickenbach, J. Rieg, A. Modabber, A. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2023

Delirium, Free tissue flaps, Matched-pair analysis, Oral surgical procedures, Risk factors

Challenges in diagnosis and management of delirium in Lewy body disease Richardson, S. Lawson, R. A. Price, A. Taylor, J. P. Acta Psychiatr Scand 2023

Humans, *Lewy Body Disease/therapy/drug therapy,*Dementia, *Parkinson Disease/complications/diagnosis, *Alzheimer Disease, Hallucinations, *Delirium/diagnosis/etiology/therapy, delirium, dementia, lewy

Frequency of delirium and its associated factors among COVID-19 inpatients in Iran Alizadeh Arimi, F. Zarghami, M. Moosazadeh, M. Mehravaran, H. Sedighi, F. Ghasemian, R. Elyasi, F. Clin Respir J 2023

Covid-19, clinical, delirium, demographic factors, hospital

Improving Nurses Knowledge and Practices of Delirium Assessment at Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital: A Quasi Experimental Study Baluku Murungi, E. Niyonzima, V. Atuhaire, E. Nantume, S. Beebwa, E. Adv Med Educ Pract 2023

Cam-icu, assessment, delirium, knowledge, nurse, practice, research

Sex differences in clinical outcomes amongst 1105 patients admitted with hip fractures Fluck, D. Lisk, R. Yeong, K. Mahmood, R. Robin, J. Fry, C. H. Han, T. S. Intern Emerg Med 2023

Delirium, Healthcare, Length of stay, Mortality, Nursing care

The Effect of Peripheral Nerve Block on Postoperative Delirium in Older Adults Undergoing Hip Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials Kim, S. Y. Jo, H. Y. Na, H. S. Han, S. H. Do, S. H. Shin, H. J. J Clin Med 2023

elderly, hip surgery, meta-analysis, peripheral nerve blocks, postoperative delirium

Effect of Different Administration Routes of Dexmedetomidine on Postoperative Delirium in Elderly Patients Undergoing Elective Spinal Surgery: A Prospective Randomized Double-Blinded Controlled Trial Niu, J. Y. Yang, N. Tao, Q. Y. He, Y. Hou, Y. B. Ning, R. D. Yu, J. M. Anesth Analg 2023

intravenous dexmedetomidine, postoperative delirium, aged, administration route, anesthesia, intratracheal dexmedetomidine

Electroconvulsive therapy plus lithium is associated with less cognitive impairment and drug-induced delirium in bipolar depression compared to unipolar depression Youssef, N. A. Madangarli, N. Bachu, A. Patel, R. S. Ann Clin Psychiatry 2023

Adult, Humans, *Bipolar Disorder/drug therapy/psychology, *Electroconvulsive Therapy/adverse effects, *Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy, Lithium/therapeutic use, *Delirium/chemically induced/epidemiology, *Cognitive Dysfunction/chemically induced/epidemiology, Treatment Outcome

Pharmacologic Management of Intensive Care Unit Delirium and the Impact on the Duration of Delirium, Length of Intensive Care Unit Stay and 30-Day Mortality: A Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized-Control Trials Afzal, M. S. Atunde, F. J. Yousaf, R. A. Ali, S. Nasir, N. Medarametla, G. D. Muhammad, N. Amin, A. Cureus 2023

atypical antipsychotic, dementia, icu, meta-analysis, typical antipsychotic

Delirium incidence, predictors and outcomes in the intensive care unit: A prospective cohort study Alzoubi, E. Shaheen, F. Yousef, K. Int J Nurs Pract 2023

delirium, intensive care unit, mortality, nursing, prediction

A Cross-Sectional, Retrospective, and Comparative Study between Delirium and Non-Delirium Psychiatric Disorders in a Psychogeriatric Inpatient Population Referred to Consultation-Liaison Psychiatry Unit Barra, B. J. Barahona, M. Varela, L. F. Calvo, P. Bastidas, A. Carreño, J. Pintor, L. Medicina (Kaunas) 2023

Humans, Aged, Retrospective Studies, Geriatric Psychiatry, Inpatients, Cross-Sectional Studies, *Mental Disorders/diagnosis, *Psychiatry, Referral and, Consultation, consultation-liaison psychiatry, delirium, inpatient, psychosomatic medicine

Potential Risk Factors for, and Clinical Implications of, Delirium during Inpatient Rehabilitation: A Matched Case-Control Study Ceppi, M. G. Rauch, M. S. Spöndlin, J. Gantenbein, A. R. Meier, C. R. Sándor, P. S. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2023

Humans, *Inpatients, Case-Control Studies, Hospitalization, Risk Factors, *Delirium/epidemiology, Delirium, case-control study, inpatient rehabilitation

Using the Electronic Health Record to Support Implementation of Emergency Department Delirium Screening: A Qualitative Study Chary, A. Brickhouse, E. Torres, B. Santangelo, I. Carpenter, C. R. Liu, S. W. Godwin, K. M. Naik, A. D. Singh, H. Kennedy, M. Appl Clin Inform 2023

emergency department, electronic health record, delirium, delirium screening, health information technology

Predicting postoperative delirium after hip arthroplasty for elderly patients using machine learning Chen, D. Wang, W. Wang, S. Tan, M. Su, S. Wu, J. Yang, J. Li, Q. Tang, Y. Cao, J. Aging Clin Exp Res 2023

Elderly patients, Hip arthroplasty, Machine learning, Perioperative neurocognitive disorders, Postoperative delirium

Is a hyperosmolar pump prime for cardiopulmonary bypass a risk factor for postoperative delirium? A double blinded randomised controlled trial Claesson Lingehall, H. Gustafson, Y. Svenmarker, S. Appelblad, M. Davidsson, F. Holmner, F. Wahba, A. Olofsson, B. Scand Cardiovasc J 2023

Humans, *Emergence Delirium/complications, Cardiopulmonary Bypass/adverse effects, Prospective Studies, Mannitol/adverse effects, Risk Factors, Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/etiology, Cardiac surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass, delirium, mannitol, osmolality

A long duration of intraoperative hypotension is associated with postoperative delirium occurrence following thoracic and orthopedic surgery in elderly Duan, W. Zhou, C. M. Yang, J. J. Zhang, Y. Li, Z. P. Ma, D. Q. Yang, J. J. J Clin Anesth 2023

Anesthesia, Elderly, Intraoperative hypotension, Postoperative delirium, thoracic surgery, orthopedic surgery

Does improving sleep for the critically ill reduce the incidence and duration of delirium? An evidence-based review Elliott, R. Delaney, L. Nurs Crit Care 2023

critical illness, delirium, sleep, review, MESH

Delirium Mediates Incidence of Hospital-Associated Disability Among Older Adults Freeman, H. Martin, R. C. Whittington, C. Zhang, Y. Osborne, J. D. O'Leary, T. Vickers, J. K. Flood, K. L. Skains, R. M. Markland, A. D. Buford, T. W. Brown, C. J. Kennedy, R. E. J Am Med Dir Assoc 2023

Humans, Aged, *Delirium/diagnosis, Activities of Daily Living, Retrospective Studies, Incidence, Cross-Sectional Studies, Risk Factors, Prospective Studies, Hospitalization, Hospitals, *Dementia/diagnosis, Delirium, cognition, disability, functional impairment

Dysphagia in older patients admitted to a rehabilitation setting after an acute hospitalization: the role of delirium Grossi, E. Rocco, C. Stilo, L. Guarneri, B. Inzitari, M. Bellelli, G. Gentile, S. Morandi, A. Eur Geriatr Med 2023

Delirium, Dysphagia, Malnutrition, Swallowing

Transcutaneous Electrical Acupoint Stimulation for Preventing Postoperative Delirium: A Meta-Analysis Guo, F. Yan, Y. Sun, L. Han, R. Zheng, L. Qin, Y. Wang, S. Sun, X. Ji, Z. Gao, C. Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2023

Pod, Teas, meta-analysis, postoperative delirium, transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation

Delirium Following Anticholinergic Use in Hospitalized Patients With Dementia Hale, E. W. Macchi, Z. A. Pressman, P. S. Neurohospitalist 2023

anticholinergics, delirium, dementia, hospitalized, retrospective studies

The Association Between Enhanced Recovery After Cardiac Surgery-Guided Analgesics and Postoperative Delirium Jelly, C. A. Clifton, J. C. Billings, F. T. th Hernandez, A. Schaffer, A. J. Shotwell, M. E. Freundlich, R. E. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2023

Adult, Humans, Acetaminophen, Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects, *Emergence Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology/prevention & control, *Dexmedetomidine, Gabapentin, *Ketamine, Pain, Postoperative/diagnosis/drug therapy/prevention & control, Analgesics, *Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects, Lidocaine, Enhanced Recovery After Cardiac Surgery (ERACS), cardiac delirium, multimodal analgesia, pain

Association between intraoperative body temperature and postoperative delirium: A retrospective observational study Ju, J. W. Nam, K. Sohn, J. Y. Joo, S. Lee, J. Lee, S. Cho, Y. J. Jeon, Y. J Clin Anesth 2023

Adult, Humans, Body Temperature, *Hypothermia/etiology/complications, *Emergence Delirium, Retrospective Studies, Regression Analysis, Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology, Delirium, Hypothermia, Noncardiac surgery, Prevention

Association between Preoperative Hand Grip Strength and Postoperative Delirium after Cardiovascular Surgery: A Retrospective Study Kotani, T. Ida, M. Inoue, S. Naito, Y. Kawaguchi, M. J Clin Med 2023

cardiovascular surgical procedures, delirium, hand strength, postoperative cognitive complications, postoperative period

Plasma HMGB1 levels in postoperative delirium Kunkel, D. Parker, M. Pearce, R. A. Sanders, R. D. Lennertz, R. C. Br J Anaesth 2023

Humans, *Emergence Delirium, *HMGB1 Protein, *Cognition Disorders, *Cognitive Dysfunction, Postoperative Complications, damage-associated, molecular patterns, delirium, high mobility group box protein 1, perioperative, neurocognitive disorders, postoperative cognitive dysfunction, surgery

Sleep Loss the night before surgery and incidence of postoperative delirium in adults 65-95 years of age Leung, J. M. Tang, C. Do, Q. Sands, L. P. Tran, D. Lee, K. A. Sleep Med 2023

Humans, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, *Emergence, Delirium/epidemiology/complications, *Delirium/epidemiology/etiology, Postoperative Complications/epidemiology/etiology, Prospective Studies, Incidence, *Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/complications, Sleep, Risk Factors, Actigraphy, Postoperative delirium, Preoperative sleep disruption, Surgery

The effects of a sensory stimulation intervention for preventing delirium in a surgical intensive care unit: A randomized controlled trial Liang, S. Chau, J. P. C. Lo, S. H. S. Choi, K. C. Bai, L. Cai, W. Nurs Crit Care 2023

confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit, delirium, intensive care unit, randomized controlled trial, sensory stimulation

Developing and validating a machine learning ensemble model to predict postoperative delirium in a cohort of high-risk surgical patients: A secondary cohort analysis Neto, P. C. S. Rodrigues, A. L. Stahlschmidt, A. Helal, L. Stefani, L. C. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2023

Humans, *Emergence Delirium, *Delirium/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology, Risk Factors, Cohort Studies, Postoperative Complications/diagnosis/epidemiology/etiology, Machine Learning, Retrospective Studies

Risk factors and outcomes of delirium in hospitalized older Ghanaians Omuojine, J. P. Bello, T. Wemakor, S. Mante, P. K. Amponsah, G. S. Kusi-Mensah, K. Owusu-Antwi, R. Sarfo, F. S. Ohene, S. Ojagbemi, A. Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 2023

Humans, Aged, *Delirium/epidemiology, Ghana, Hospitalization, Prospective Studies, Risk Factors, Africa, delirium, incident, length of stay, mortality, older adult, outcome

Prospective analysis of plasma amyloid beta and postoperative delirium in the Interventions for Postoperative Delirium: Biomarker-3 study Payne, T. Taylor, J. Casey, C. Kunkel, D. Parker, M. Blennow, K. Zetterberg, H. Pearce, R. A. Lennertz, R. C. Sanders, R. D. Br J Anaesth 2023

Humans, Amyloid beta-Peptides, *Emergence Delirium/diagnosis, Cohort Studies, *Alzheimer Disease, Biomarkers, Alzheimer’s disease, amyloid beta, anaesthesia, delirium, dementia, neurocognitive disorders, surgery

Machine learning for prediction of delirium in patients with extensive burns after surgery Ren, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhan, J. Sun, J. Luo, J. Liao, W. Cheng, X. CNS Neurosci Ther 2023

delirium, extensive burns, external validation, machine learning, prediction model

A Pilot Study of the Fluctuating Mental Status Evaluation: A Novel Delirium Screening Tool for Neurocritical Care Patients Reznik, M. E. Margolis, S. A. Moody, S. Drake, J. Tremont, G. Furie, K. L. Mayer, S. A. Ely, E. W. Jones, R. N. Neurocrit Care 2023

Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Female, Prospective Studies, *Delirium/diagnosis, Pilot Projects, *Stroke, Cerebral Hemorrhage, Coma, Delirium, Intracerebral hemorrhage, Neurocritical care, Stroke

Measures for the Core Outcome Set for Research Evaluating Interventions to Prevent and/or Treat Delirium in Critically Ill Adults: An International Consensus Study Rose, L. Blackwood, B. Needham, D. M. Devlin, J. W. Clarke, M. Burry, L. D. Crit Care Explor 2023

clinical trials, core outcome set, critical care, delirium, intensive care, outcome, measure instruments, interest

Predicting delirium in older non-intensive care unit inpatients: development and validation of the DELIrium risK Tool (DELIKT) Schulthess-Lisibach, A. E. Gallucci, G. Benelli, V. Kälin, R. Schulthess, S. Cattaneo, M. Beeler, P. E. Csajka, C. Lutters, M. Int J Clin Pharm 2023

Adverse effects, Aged, Cholinergic antagonists, Clinical decision rules, Delirium

Postoperative C-Reactive Protein Predicts Postoperative Delirium in Colorectal Cancer Following Surgery Sun, Y. Peng, H. P. Wu, T. T. Clin Interv Aging 2023

Aged, Humans, C-Reactive Protein/analysis, Colorectal, Neoplasms/surgery/diagnosis, Emergence Delirium, Postoperative, Complications/etiology, Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications, Risk Factors, C-reactive protein, colorectal cancer, postoperative delirium

A randomised controlled trial of dexmedetomidine for delirium in adults undergoing heart valve surgery Wang, H. B. Jia, Y. Zhang, C. B. Zhang, L. Li, Y. N. Ding, J. Wu, X. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. H. Wang, Y. Yan, F. X. Yuan, S. Sessler, D. I. Anaesthesia 2023

Humans, Adult, *Dexmedetomidine/therapeutic use, *Delirium/prevention & control/epidemiology, *Cardiac Surgical Procedures/adverse effects, Incidence, Heart Valves/surgery, Double-Blind Method, acute kidney injury, anaesthesia, cardiac surgery, cardiopulmonary bypass, dexmedetomidine, postoperative delirium

The effect of parecoxib sodium on postoperative delirium in elderly patients with hip arthroplasty Wang, J. H. Liu, T. Bai, Y. Chen, Y. Q. Cui, Y. H. Gao, X. Y. Guo, J. R. Front Pharmacol 2023

Ho-1, anesthesiology, inflammation, parecoxib sodium, postoperative delirium

Optimal strategy for delirium detection in older patients admitted to intensive care unit after non-cardiac surgery Wang, K. Su, X. Ma, J. H. Wang, D. X. Front Surg 2023

CAM-ICU (confusion assessment method for the intensive care unit), cognitive function, delirium, elderly, noncardiac surgery

Prolonged Double-Low Time and the Incidence of Postoperative Delirium in Surgical ICU Patients Yamanoi, T. Suzuki, S. Kaku, R. Morimatsu, H. Acta Med Okayama 2023

Humans, *Emergence Delirium/complications, *Delirium/epidemiology/etiology, Postoperative Complications/epidemiology, Incidence, Intensive Care Units, bispectral index, double-low condition, general anesthesia, hypotension, postoperative delirium

Predicting Postoperative Emergence Delirium From the Heart Rate Variability of Patients Undergoing Elective Cardiac Surgery Satomoto, M. Cureus 2023

anesthesia, heart rate variability, mmse, postoperative delirium, surgery

Revisiting "Excited Delirium": Does the Diagnosis Reflect and Promote Racial Bias? Walsh, B. M. Agboola, I. K. Coupet, E., Jr. Rozel, J. S. Wong, A. H. West J Emerg Med 2023

Humans, *Racism, *Delirium/diagnosis, agitation, emergency medicine

Haloperidol vs. placebo for the treatment of delirium in ICU patients: a pre-planned, secondary Bayesian analysis of the AID-ICU trial Andersen-Ranberg, N. C. Poulsen, L. M. Perner, A. Hästbacka, J. Morgan, M. Citerio, G. Collet, M. O. Weber, S. O. Andreasen, A. S. Bestle, M. Uslu, B. Pedersen, H. S. Nielsen, L. G. Damgaard, K. Jensen, T. B. Sommer, T. Dey, N. Mathiesen, O. Granholm, A. Intensive Care Med 2023

Bayesian analysis, Delirium, Haloperidol, ICU, acute

Factors associated with intensive care unit delirium in patients with acute myocardial infarction Aono-Setoguchi, H. Sakakura, K. Jinnouchi, H. Taniguchi, Y. Tsukui, T. Watanabe, Y. Yamamoto, K. Seguchi, M. Wada, H. Fujita, H. Heart Vessels 2023

Humans, Female, Child, Male, *Delirium, Retrospective Studies, Hospital Mortality, Intensive Care Units, *Myocardial Infarction, *Coronary Artery Disease, Acute myocardial infarction, Cam-icu, Delirium, Intensive care unit

Cortical reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation predicts risk of post-stroke delirium Bai, Y. Belardinelli, P. Thoennes, C. Blum, C. Baur, D. Laichinger, K. Lindig, T. Ziemann, U. Mengel, A. Cortical reactivity to transcranial magnetic stimulation predicts risk of post-stroke delirium 2023

Humans, Cross-Sectional Studies, *Delirium/etiology, *Electroencephalography, *Stroke/complications/physiopathology, *Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, *Cerebral Cortex/physiopathology, Risk, Delirium prediction, Natural frequency, Perturbational complexity index, Stroke, Tms-eeg

Does melatonin administration reduce the incidence of postoperative delirium in adults? Systematic review and meta-analysis Barnes, J. Sewart, E. Armstrong, R. A. Pufulete, M. Hinchliffe, R. Gibbison, B. Mouton, R. BMJ Open 2023

Humans, Adult, *Melatonin/therapeutic use, *Emergence Delirium, Incidence, Length of Stay, adult anaesthesia, clinical pharmacology, neurology, psychiatry, surgery, therapeutics

Delirium and Behavioral Symptoms in Persons With Dementia at Hospital Admission: Mediating Factors Boltz, M. Kuzmik, A. Resnick, B. BeLue, R. Jao, Y. L. Paudel, A. Behrens, L. Leslie, D. Sinvani, L. Galvin, J. E. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord 2023

dementia, delirium, behavioral symptoms, delirium severity, hospital admission